Good communication skills help children and young people escape from disadvantage. Vocabulary at age five has been found to be the best predictor (from a range of measures at ages five and ten) of whether children who experienced social deprivation in childhood were able to ‘buck the trend’ and escape poverty in later adult life.


  • Blanden, J., 2006 Bucking the Trend – What enables those who are disadvantaged in childhood to succeed later in life? London: Department for Work and Pensions
  • Cook, S.W., Z. Mitchell, and S. Goldin-Meadow, 2008 Gesturing makes learning last Cognition 106, pp1047-1058
  • Faulkner,C.,2007,The Signs for Success Programme and better behaviour, Action for Inclusion, Issue 19 /March 2007
  • Daniels, M., 2001 Dancing with words: Signing for Hearing Children USA: Greenwood Publishing
  • Felzer, L., 1998 A multisensory reading program that really works  Teaching and Change 5/2, pp169-183
  • Heller, I., et al., 1998 Let’s all sign! Enhancing language development in an inclusive preschool. Teaching Exceptional Children, from the Teacher Centre Database
  • An independent research paper on Sign 4 Little Talkers, conducted by Rosemary Davidson PhD and Gurch Randhawa PhD from the University of Bedfordshire, was published on 30 June 2020  in the international Journal of Medical Internet Research, Paediatrics and Parenting


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